Karmapa- Full Ordination for Tibetan Women

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Self-Paced Course: Changing Your Karma

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Cleanse & Clear Your Body & Mind in this Guided Online Course. By donation [...]
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Vajrayana Training – Online

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July 8, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

The Five Wisdom Dakinis: Dakini Day Chod – Online

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July 15, 2020
Practice the Laughter of the Dakinis on Dakini Day, a practice of healing through ultimate compassion. In Chod the Five Wisdom Dakinis designate the path to the transforming confusion into insight [...]
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Ngakpa Training – Online

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July 15, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
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Ngakpa Live – Online

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July 22, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

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July 22, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
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Resting in Stillness, Annual Meditation Retreat with Pema Khandro – Online

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July 22 - 26, 2020
During these times of great change and uncertainty, the support of meditation is needed more than ever. Cultivating a sense of inner stability makes the crucial difference between fear and wisdom, between confusion and peace...
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Free Intro to Meditation Instructor Training – Online

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August 3, 2020
Join Pema Khandro Rinpoche, Aruna Rig’zin and Satya Shiva for a free introduction to the upcoming Meditation Instructor Training.  The training details will be covered along with time for Q&A. For full details and curriculum, visit: https://ngakpa.org/meditation-teacher-training/
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Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

August 5, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

August 12, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Ngakpa Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

August 19, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Ngakpa Live – Online

With Pema Khandro

August 26, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

With Pema Khandro

August 26, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
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Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

September 2, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

September 9, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Ngakpa Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

September 16, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Ngakpa Live – Online

With Pema Khandro

September 23, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

With Pema Khandro

September 23, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
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Vajra Sangha Retreat

With Pema Khandro

October 1 - 6, 2020
Closed Retreat, for the Vajra Sangha only.
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Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

October 7, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

October 14, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Ngakpa Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

October 21, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Ngakpa Live – Online

With Pema Khandro

October 28, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

With Pema Khandro

October 28, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
Register Now

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

November 4, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

November 11, 2020
Vajrayana Training is offered in modules with ten classes per year and six classes per module. The courses are non-sequential and can be taken in any order. In web-classes, meeting once a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism, make sense of empowerments, and go deep into understanding oneself, one’s […]

Ngakpa Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

November 18, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Ngakpa Live – Online

With Pema Khandro

November 25, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

With Pema Khandro

November 25, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
Register Now

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

December 2, 2020
In web-classes, meeting twice a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism[…]

Vajrayana Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

December 9, 2020
In web-classes, meeting twice a month, students will discover how to understand the pivotal principles of Tibetan Buddhism[…]

Ngakpa Training – Online

With Pema Khandro

December 16, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Ngakpa Live – Online

With Pema Khandro

December 23, 2020
The Ngakpa Training offers in-depth study... of Vajrayana Buddhist history, philosophy and practice, focusing on the Inner Tantras of the Nyingma Tradition, also known as MahaYoga, AnuYoga and Dzogchen...
Pre-requisites Required to Register. For More Information, Email Info@Ngakpa.org

Buddhist Philosophy Online, Open Teaching Webcast

With Pema Khandro

December 23, 2020
This is a monthly class to support your meditation practice and meet the challenge of integrating meditation into a full, dynamic life […]
Register Now

In another act of inspiring leadership, the 17th Karmapa (1)  has announced that he will restore the full ordination of nuns in Tibet.

The growing presence of female leaders in Tibetan Buddhism is taking place at an unprecedented level throughout the world. The Karmapa’s recent announcement is a confirmation that Buddhism worldwide is recognizing the need to support this activity by granting support for nuns. While full monastic ordination for monks is available in Buddhist countries, full ordination for women has been available in only a few of them. The full ordination of nuns are known as taking bhikṣuṇī vows( or Tibetan – dge-slong-ma) . 

 

tibetan nuns

Tibetan Nuns

 

This January, 2015, the Karmapa announced that he will restore the full ordination of nuns to Tibet, in a process that will unfold over the next ten years. The Karmapa plans that this will unfold after a traditional period of first taking novice vows and training vows in order to prepare for full ordination. Stating that it is an “unfortunate situation for Buddhism in general,” not to offer full ordination to female monastics. 

Women’s monastic ordination is one of many types of roles of religious leadership that women will contribute to Tibetan Buddhism. Throughout its history women also continued to contribute religious leadership outside monastic institutions. For example, last year I heard Khenpo Sodargye speak. He is a leader of the Larung gar a Buddhist community in North Eastern Tibet. I asked him about the role of women in his community and in his travels throughout China. He replied that these days he saw more Khenmos (female Buddhist scholars) than there were Khenpos (male Buddhist scholars) during his travels!

Historically women in have played other decisive roles in Tibetan Buddhism. Without knowledge of these activities it is impossible to comprehend Tibetan history. Yet, historical documentation is sparse. However there are accounts of female religious leadership in biographical narratives, institutional records, literature and political documents.

For example, the female patron of an influential eighteenth century Nyingma teacher, Jigme Lingpa, was the queen of sDe-dge and her patronage played a decisive role in ensuring the propagation of his activity and printing of his works. Likewise women have also played roles as vow-carrying, non-celibate, clerical leaders. These women were Yoginis known as ngakmas, naljormas and re-mas, (ngags ma, rnal ‘byor ma, res ma). One such example is the nineteenth century Sera Khandro (se ra mkha’ ‘gro kun bzang bde skyong dbang mo)  who chose to be a ngakma (ngags ma – a non-celibate yogini) despite pressure to become a nun. Another example is the thirteenth century figure Jomo Menmo (jo mo sman mo) whose biography describes her both as a teacher in her own right and as the partner of a Tibetan Buddhist historian and treasure revealer, Guru Chowang. Women have also been oracles, doctors and consorts of important male figures in Tibetan History. Their role as mothers and family members cannot be underestimated or overlooked as well. Since the involvement of women in the full scope of religious leadership will be a vital part of the future of Buddhism, recollecting their history and opening opportunities to women in the future is essential.

The first Buddhist nun was the Buddha’s step mother who was ordained by the Buddha himself. However ordination of nuns did not proliferate in Tibet. The historical study of Tibet has not provided records of women who were fully ordained until recently. Current scholarship shows that there may be some evidence that such privileges may have possibly been available in the past, but the evidence as to the exact nature of the ordination is scanty. For examples of what documentation has emerged see Hildegard Diemberger’s work which cites indications in biographical literature that fifteenth century Chokyi Dronma (chos kyi sgron ma) may have received full monastic ordination. Dan Martin’s scholarship identifies Machig Ongjo (ma gcig ong-jo) and Chammo Jetsunma Konchog Tsomo (lcammo rjetsun ma dkon mchog ‘tsho mo) as a fully ordained nuns in Tibetan History. However, by and large, besides a few examples, full ordination has not been available to Tibetan women. Tibetan Buddhist women or American Buddhists involved in the tradition have gone to other countries for ordination since an order of Buddhist nuns has not been in Tibet. Things have been heading towards change however. Buddhist women worldwide have spoken up on these issues. In 2007 the Dalai Lama expressed his public support for Tibetan women to eventually have access to full vows. Now, the Karmapa has made the recent announcement and initiated a plan to actualize this possibility.

The Karmapa’s effort to make full ordination available is a crucial step in recognizing the importance of women’s participation and leadership within the full scope of Tibetan Buddhist religious life.

For the full article regarding the Karmapa’s announcement visit: Kagyu Office

Kagyu Lineage

 

(1) The Karmapa is a central figure of the tradition of the lineage of Tibetan Buddhism known as the Kagyu lineage.

For More information on Buddhist women and the global support for women’s full ordination enjoy this article: http://awakeningbuddhistwomen.blogspot.com/2013/05/ordination-of-buddhist-nuns-ice-seems.html

Sources 

Diemberger, Hildegard (2012-08-14). When a Woman Becomes a Religious Dynasty: The Samding Dorje Phagmo of Tibet (Kindle Locations 1176-1185). Columbia University Press. Kindle Edition.

Dudjom Rinpoche. The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism. Translated by Gyurme Dorje and Matthew Kapstein. Boston: Wisdom, 2002, pp. 771-774.

 Gyatso, Janet. Apparitions of the Self: The Secret Autobiographies of a Tibetan Visionary. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1998. Print.

 Jacoby, Sarah H. Love and Liberation: Autobiographical Writings of the Tibetan Buddhist Visionary Sera Khandro. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014. Print.

 Martin, Dan. The Woman Illusion? Research into the Lives of Spiritually Accomplished Women Leaders in Tibet of the 11th-12th Centuries. Women in Tibet, Past and Present, Columbia University Press (New York 2005). Print.

Photo: Jomo Menmo  http://www.treasuryoflives.org/uploads/person/8868/JomoMenmo.jpg

Photo: Tibetan Nuns – https://www.flickr.com/photos/neonlike59/5488500

Photo: Karmapa – http://kagyuoffice.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/2015.01.24.jpg

Pema Khandro
Pema Khandro is a Tibetan Buddhist scholar, humanitarian, and teacher in the rare lineage of Tibet’s Buddhist Yogis. Raised in the west, ordained in the Nyingma lineage, enthroned as a tulku and trained as an academic, Pema Khandro presents both a traditional perspective and a modern voice. Read more at: https://www.pemakhandro.org/pema-khandro-extended-biography/